Finland’s forests grew by 105 million cubic metres in 2015. Annual drain amounts to approximately 82 million cubic metres. Drain is made up of industrial harvesting (about 59 million cubic metres), firewood, wood for household use and natural mortality, i.e. dead trees left in the forest. According to calculations, annual industrial harvesting volumes could be increased to 81 million cubic metres without weakening future harvesting opportunities.
Investments into forests boost forest resources
Every year, our forest growth exceeds harvesting volumes and natural mortality, so our forests are growing and the number of trees is increasing all the time. Thus our forest carbon sinks are also continuously growing.
Increased growth is the result of active forest management and growing forest stock. Active forest regeneration, the tending of seedling stands and timely thinnings boost growth. Furthermore, growth has been significantly improved through drainage operations carried out in recent decades on lands inundated with water.
In addition to the Forest Act, the Nature Conservation Act and other legislation, Finland’s forest economy is directed by a long-term action plan, the National Forest Programme 2015. It aims to promote forest use that takes economic, social and ecological needs into consideration.